History and Armenia

The  modern Lori region (Lori Marz) covers  the  eastern part of the ancient Gugark, which, according to the seventh-century sources khatchkar 2was the 13th province of Greater Armenia, an empire that extended  to the Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Seas. The medieval history of region was shaped by the  changing fortunes of the  Bagratuni, Zakarian and Orbelian ruling families, as well as that of the Seljuk Empire and the resurgent kingdom of Georgia. Part of the Bagratuni  Gugark region, the area revolved around its capital Lori (Berd), founded in  989 by David Anhoghin. In 1555 the region became part of Persia to be annexed by the Russian Empire in 1801. In 1918 Armenia became an independent nation to be incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1992. The territory of the modern  Lori Marz includes Gugark, Tashir, Spitak, Stepanavan and Tumanyan regions of Armenia.

 

 

                                                  Natural environment

Bounded on all sides by rugged mountains and cut by sheer gorges, Lori is above all a place of  forests, with more native forest land than any other province of the country. The region entirely occupies the Debed river basin, the main  waterway of the district with its Dzoraget, Pambak and Martzaget tributaries. Lori is famous for its wonderful mild climate: the chain of mountains  prevents the  penetration of cold winds from the north. Thr summer months in Lori are generally cool and moist, while winter is snowy  yet sunny. With a wide variety of habitats Lori is home to over 3,000 species of plants and some 350 species of birds and offers an immense range of opportunities to nature lovers.

haghpat 5

                                                               odzoun 1akhtala 4

                                                  Economy

Once a powerful industrial center, the Lori Marz still has great potential for economic development. The leading branches of economy are agriculture and industry, particularly mining industry (such as the copper mining operations  in Akhtala), production of grain, potato, as well as animal husbandry products. One of the most beautiful touristic destinations and home to most significant cultural sites in all of Armenia, Lori has also launched important programs to develop tourism.

Adm.center  Vanadzor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Area  3798 km²                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Population 234700                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Total number of comminities 113                                                                                                                                                                                                         Urban communities 8                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Rural  communities 105                                                                                                                                                                                                       anneaux détourés                        Urban population 58,46%